Cimeiras da SADC / SADC Summits (1980-1991)

SADC HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT SUMMIT COMMUNIQUES
1980- 2004

CONTENTS
  1. 1980, Lusaka: 1st April
  2. 1981, Salisbury: 20th July
  3. 1982, Gaborone: 22nd July
  4. 1983, Maputo: 11th July
  5. 1984, Gaborone: 6th July
  6. 1985, Arusha: 9th August
  7. 1986, Luanda: 22nd August
  8. 1987, Lusaka: 24th July
  9. 1988, Maputo: 15th July
  10. 1989, Harare: 25th August
  11. 1990, Gaborone: 26th August
  12. 1991, Arusha: 26th August
  13. 1992, Windhoek: 17th August
  14. 1993, Mbabane: 5th September
  15. 1994, Gaborone: 29th August
  16. 1995, Johannesburg: 28th August; Pretoria: 11th December (Special Summit on Nigeria)
  17. 1996, Gaborone: 28th June; Maseru : 24th August; Luanda: 2nd October (Summit of the Organ on Politics, Defence and Security)
  18. 1997, Blantyre: 8th August
  19. 1998 , Grand Baie: 13th -14th September; Pretoria: 23rd August (Summit on DRC)
  20. 1999, Maputo: 17th -18th August
  21. 2000, Maputo: 16th January (Extra-Ordinary Summit); Windhoek: 6th -7th August; Lusaka: 14th -15th August (2nd Summit on DRC)
  22. 2001, Windhoek: 9th March (Extra- Ordinary Summit); Blantyre: 12th-14th August; Harare: 10th -11th September (Summit on Task Force on Developments in Zimbabwe)
  23. 2002, Blantyre: 14th January (Extra-Ordinary Summit); Luanda: 2nd -3rd October
  24. 2003, Lesotho: 4th July (Summit on HIV/AIDS); Dar-es-Salaam: 25th -26th August
  25. 2004, Dar-es-Salaam: 15th May (Summit on Agriculture and Food Security); Grand Baie: 16th -17th August

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 COMMUNIQUE

 ZAMBIA-LUSAKA: 1 APRIL, 1980
 Today, in a historic Summit meeting, leaders and representatives of the nine independent countries of Southern Africa, made a joint declaration of their strategy for a closer integration of their economies. This marks a new commitment to coordinate their economies so as to accelerate their development and reduce their dependence on the Republic of South Africa.
The leaders approved a programme of action which included:
  • The creation of a Southern African Transport and Communications Commission based in Maputo
  • Measures to control foot and mouth disease in cattle throughout the region
  • The preparation of a food security plan for the region
  • The establishment of a Regional Agricultural Research Centre specializing in drought-prone areas
  • Plans for Harmonisation of Industrialization and energy policies
  • Sharing of National Training Facilities within the Region
  • Studies leading to proposals for the establishment of a Southern African Development Fund
The Summit agreed that a meeting of Ministers should be held in Zimbabwe in September, 1980.
The Summit agreed that an International Donors Conference should be held in Maputo at the end of November, 1980.
The Summit requested the Government of Botswana to examine the need for institutional mechanisms for over-all coordination of the programmes.
Meanwhile, the Government of Botswana was given responsibility for taking immediate follow-up action until appropriate institutions have been established and are operational.

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COMMUNIQUE

 ZIMBABWE - SALISBURY: 20 JULY, 1981
 A SADCC Summit Meeting was held in Salisbury, Zimbabwe, today attended by:
  •  H. Jose Eduardo Dos Santos, President of the People’s Republic of Angola
  •  H.E. Quett Masire, President of the Republic of Botswana
  •  H.E. H.Kamuzu Banda, President of the Republic of Malawi
  •  H.E. Samora Moises Machel, President of the People’s Republic of Mozambique
  •  H.E.Mabandla F.N. Dlamini, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Swaziland
  •  H.E. Julius K. Nyerere, President of the United Republic of Tanzania
  •  H.E. Kenneth D. Kaunda, President of the Republic of Zambia
  •  Hon. Robert G. Mugabe, Prime Minister of the Republic of Zimbabwe
  •  Hon. M.V. Molapo, Minister of Commerce and Industry, Kingdom of Lesotho
 The Heads of State and Government expressed their satisfaction with the progress which has been made in regional co-operation since the Lusaka Summit of April 1980, reaffirmed their total commitment to the principles embodied in the declaration Southern Africa: Toward Economic Liberation, and called upon all those who share these ideals to join with them in the struggle for economic liberation, justice and peace in Southern Africa.
The Heads of State and Government signed a Memorandum of Understanding codifying all SADCC decisions relating the institutional arrangements. The institutions endorsed include:
 (a) Summit Meetings
 (b) Council of Ministers
 (c) Commissions
 (d) Standing Committee of Officials
 (e) Secretariat
The above institutions will provide SADCC with an effective and flexible mechanism for regional consultation and decision making. SADCC had eschewed the creation of a large and unwieldy bureaucracy in favor of a system which places responsibility for implementation of its programme on the Governments of Member States. The Summit also approved the establishment of a Secretariat which will service meetings and ensure continuity in SADCC deliberations. The Secretariat, which will be based in Botswana and will operational from 1st July 1992, will be headed by an Executive Secretary.

Heads of States and Government also noted the ratification of a Convention for the Southern African Transport and Communications Commission (SATCC). This gives the Commission, based in Maputo, a legal personality, with its own Committee of Ministers and executive authority. The Commission is charged with responsibility for ensuring close co-ordination among Member States in the running of region’s transport systems. The Commission also has the task of following up with international co-operation partners the pledges made at the 1980 Maputo Conference.

The Summit noted with satisfaction that the Commission was already facilitating the implementation of a large number of regional projects, and urged those countries and institutions which had pledged resources at Maputo to co-operate fully with the Commission for the speedy rehabilitation of the transport and communication systems of the SADCC member states.

The Summit received a report from the Council of Ministers on the progress made in preparing the groundwork for programmes of cooperative actions in the fields of transport and communication, food security, soil conservation an land utilization, crop research, control of animal diseases, manpower development, industrial development, energy development, financial mechanisms and security printing. They congratulated the Ministers and their officials on the speed and thoroughness with which they are implementing the Lusaka Programme of Action. They expressed the view that progress already made has established a firm base for the enlargement of areas of co-operation and noted with satisfaction that Malawi has been allocated the responsibility for coordinating a regional approach to development of fisheries and wildlife. Other priority areas for co-operation within the ambit of SADCC will be examined during 1981.

The Summit expressed pleasure at the outcome of the Maputo Conference held in November 1980 and thanked all those who had worked to make it a success. The Heads of Government also expressed their appreciation for the positive and practical response at the Maputo Conference from friends in the International Community and recalled that speakers had firmly endorsed the strategy, aims and objectives of the declaration: Southern Africa: Toward Economic Liberation.

The Summit received a report on the preparations for the Blantyre Conference, which is scheduled to take place on 19-20 November, 1981 and endorsed the arrangements proposed. The Conference will be largely of a consultative nature rather than a pledging conference. Although a major item for consideration will be a progress report from SATCC, papers will also be presented covering other areas of regional co-operation. The Conference will provide an opportunity for SADCC, in consultation with its international partners, to survey achievements, evaluate performance, identify strengths and weaknesses in regional co-operation and agree on future plans.

The President of Tanzania, H.E. Julius K. Nyerere expressed the gratitude of all SADCC Member States to the Government of Botswana for the crucial role it has so effectively played, from the very beginning, in providing SADCC with leadership, direction and continuity of service.

Botswana has not spared itself in committing its scarce resources – both human and material - to SADCC. These sacrifices have borne fruit and have provided a solid foundation on which the success and future development of SADCC can be confidently built.

On behalf of the Summit the Chairman, Dr Quett Masire, President of Botswana, thanked the Government and the people of Zimbabwe for the warm welcome and generous hospitality accorded to the SADCC heads of State and Government. President Masire paid a personal tribute to the Hon. Robert Mugabe, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe, for his unswerving commitment to the principles on which SADCC is based and for the major contribution which Zimbabwe has already made to ensure the success of SADCC.

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COMMUNIQUE

BOTSWANA - GABORONE: 22 JULY, 1982
The Third SADCC Summit was held in Gaborone, Botswana today, attended by:-
  • H.E. Dr. Q.K.J. Masire, President of the Republic of Botswana
  • H.E. Mr. Samora Moises Machel, President of the People’s Republic of Mozambique
  • H.E. Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere, President of the United Republic of Tanzania
  • H.E. Dr. Kenneth D. Kaunda, President of the Republic of Zambia
  • Hon. Mr. Robert G. Mugabe, Prime Minister of the Republic of Zimbabwe
  • Lieutenant Colonel Alexandre Rodrigues (Kito), Member of the Political Bureau of the MPLA - Workers Party and Minister of Home Affairs, People’s Republic of Angola
  • Hon. Mr. E.R. Sekhonyana, Minister for Planning, Employment and Economic Affairs, Kingdom of Lesotho
  • Hon. Mr. A.E. Gadama, Minister for the Central Region, Republic of Malawi
  • Hon. Mr. J.L.F. Simelane, Minister of Finance, Kingdom of Swaziland
  The meeting was opened with the address of welcome given by the President of Botswana. A response was made by the Prime Minister of Zimbabwe.

 The Heads of State and Government reviewed a Progress Report on SADCC co-operation prepared by the Council of Ministers. The Progress Report covers all the areas of co-operation identified in the Lusaka Programme of Action adopted by the Summit in April 1980.

The Summit noted the considerable progress which has been made in a number of priority sectors. They welcome in particular the significant progress made in the area of Transport and Communications, and the fact that the total funds committed to projects in this sector now exceed the amount pledged at the Maputo Conference.

The Heads of State and Government congratulated SATCC for the crucial role it plays in strengthening copulation and accelerating the implementation of regional programmes in this strategic sector. SATCC is

 now fully recognized, within the international community, as a permanent and effective institution which can represent the Member States in respect of the coordination and development of the region’s Transport and Communications programme.

In reviewing the year’s activity the Summit thanked the Government of Malawi for hosting the 1981 Annual Conference. The Conference, which was attended by 20 Governments and 12 Development Agencies, helped to consolidate further SADCC’s relations with its international co-operating partners and strengthen and accelerate joint action in the implementation of SADCC programme.

The Summit noted the arrangements for the next Annual Conference which is to be held in Maseru, Lesotho in January 1983. The main focus for this conference will be Industrial and Agricultural co-operation.

SADCC international cooperating partners will be invited to pledge support for a programme of projects in both these sectors. To this end SADCC Ministers of Industry and Agriculture will meet to approve projects before they are submitted to donors. The Conference will also deal with project proposals in other sectors of co-operation.

The Heads of State and Government urged SADCC’s partners in the international community to participate actively at the Maseru Conference.

As the Conference will provide an opportunity for donor Governments and Agencies to pledge additional resources to the SADCC Programme of Action, and will be held at Ministerial level, invited Governments and Agencies are requested to be appropriately represented.

SADCC’s newly appointed Executive Secretary, Mr. Frederick Arthur Blumeris, was introduced to the Summit and will take up his post shortly.

The permanent Secretariat will then become fully operational.

The Heads of State and Government condemned South Africa for its policy of destabilization aimed at SADCC Member States. The objective of this destabilisation is to undermine the security of SADCC Member States and sabotage SADCC’s efforts to achieve economic liberation.
On behalf of his colleagues, the President of Zambia, Dr. Kenneth D. Kaunda, thanked the Government and people of Botswana for the warm welcome and hospitality accorded to the SADCC Heads of State and Government and their delegations during the Summit. President Kaunda also paid tribute to the President of Botswana and Chairman of SADCC, Dr. Masire, for the effective leadership he and his country have provided for the organisation since its inception.

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COMMUNIQUE

MOZAMBIQUE - MAPUTO: 11 JULY, 1983

  The fourth SADCC Summit held in Maputo today, was attended by:

  •   H.E. Jose Eduardo dos Santos, President of the People’s Republic of Angola
  • H.E. Quett Masire, President of the Republic of Botswana
  • Hon. Leabua Jonathan, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Lesotho
  • H.E. Samora Moises Machel, President of the People’s Republic of Mozambique
  • His Royal Highness Prince Bhekimpi Dlamini, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Swaziland
  • H.E. Julius Nyerere, President of the United Republic of Tanzania
  • H.E. Kenneth Kaunda, President of the Republic of Zambia
  • Hon. Robert Mugabe, Prime Minister of the Republic of Zimbabwe
  • Hon. Chakalala Chaziya, Minister of Finance of the Republic of Malawi
 The meeting was opened with the Address of Welcome given by the President of Mozambique. A response was made by the President of Angola on behalf of his colleagues. The President of Botswana, in his capacity as Chairman of SADCC, delivered a statement to the Summit.

 The Summit considered and approved the Third Progress Report on the Lusaka Programme of Action and decided that the report should be issued to the public.

The report details the significant progress which has been made during the past 12 months in the various areas of SADCC co-operation. The Summit noted that in the priority area of Transport and Communications, which is co-ordinated by the People’s Republic of Mozambique, 44 projects are either completed or under implementation and for a further 44 detailed project documentation has been submitted to SADCC international co-operating partners. This represents a significant acceleration in the preparation of project documentation.

Similar progress has been registered in the fields of Agriculture, Industrial Development, Energy and Manpower Development.

The Summit noted that, for most SADCC countries, the 1982/83 agricultural season witnessed one of the worst droughts in living memory.

Crop yields have been severely reduced which has affected dramatically the ability of Member States to earn foreign exchange through exports and, even more importantly, reduced the availability of food from internal production to meet the basic needs of the people. Production cannot possibly provide the basic food necessary for many people, in the rural areas, to subsist until the 1984 harvest. More terrifying still is the threat that even this harvest may be devastated by drought.

A regional programme to meet the situation is being co-ordinated by Zimbabwe. National Governments are struggling to implement emergency programmes essential to protect the lives of hundreds and thousands of people. A preliminary estimate of the region’s needs, including drought relief, water programmes, cattle purchase schemes and drought power assistance, exceeds US$230 million and additional information is still being received. For many Member States this is the worst crisis of its kind which they have been confronted with since their independence. The Summit thanked all those friends in the international community who have provided assistance; urged those who have pledged help which has not yet arrived to speed up delivery; and appealed once again to SADCC’s international co-operating partners to examine the urgency of the region’s needs and to respond without delay.

The drought coincides with the deepest recession the world has experienced in the past half century. Not only has agriculture been devastated by the failure of the rains but industrial development in the region has been crippled partly as a result of short-sighted economic policies of the developed world-policies which, furthermore, undermine their own progress and the possibility of global peace and development.

The Summit noted that, partly no doubt because of a fallacious belief that these problems will undermine SADCC’s commitment to political and economic liberation, South Africa has stepped up its aggressive policy aimed at destabilising Member States through economic and military sabotage. South Africa can invade and occupy sovereign states, blow up vital installations, massacre populations at the apparent cost to its relations with its main allies. Some of these friends of South Africa, who provide the racist regime with the capital, technology, management skills and deeply weapons necessary to carry out such a policy seek also to improve their relations with SADCC. SADCC Member States on the other hand are committed to peace and progress and seek to demonstrate that such policies are ultimately futile. Change must came to South Africa. The Summit urged the international community to reflect that the nature and the rapidity at which such change takes place will, to an extent, depend on decisions taken by those providing the regime with such support.

SADCC’s next conference with its international co-operating partners will be held later this year in Lusaka. Among those invited will be countries which have considerable and close ties with and influence on South Africa - the Summit appealed to them, again, to use that influence to check the aggression being waged against SADCC Member States, since it is clearly irrational for such countries to invest in regional infrastructure only to see such resources wasted by South Africa sabotage. The Summit noted that SADCC has looked for, and hopefully achieved, open and friendly relations with the international donor community. The hope was expressed that the future would ensure a significant transfer of the resources which at present go to shoring up apartheid to the development of the independent countries of Southern Africa; this would be an investment in peace and stability and an investment in the future.

 The Summit decided that the next series of SADCC meetings will take place as follows:

  •  Council of Ministers - Malawi - May 1984
  • Summit - Botswana - July 1984
  • Annual Conference - Swaziland - November 1984
 Finally, the Summit thanked the Government of People of Mozambique for the warm welcome and hospitality accorded to the Heads of State and Government and their delegations during the Summit.

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COMMUNIQUE

 BOTSWANA - GABORONE: 6 JULY, 1984

 The fifth SADCC Summit was held in Gaborone, Republic of Botswana today, attend by:

  •   H.E. Dr. Q.K.J. Masire, President of the Republic of Botswana
  • H.E. Mr Samora Moises Machel, President of the People’s Republic of Mozambique
  • H.E. Prince Bhekimpi Dlamini, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Swaziland
  • H.E. Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere, President of the United Republic of Tanzania
  • H.E. Dr. Kenneth D. Kaunda, President of the Republic of Zambia
  • Hon. Robert G. Mugabe, Prime Minister of the Republic of Zimbabwe
  • Lieutenant Colonel Alexandre Rodrigues (Kito), member of the Political Bureau of the MPLA - Workers’ Party, and Minister of Home Affairs, People’s Republic of Angola
  • Hon. Mr E.R. Sekhonyana, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Kingdom of Lesotho
  • H.E. M.A. Banda, High Commissioner to Zambia, Republic of Malawi
 The Summit was also attended by the President of the African National Congress of South Africa, Mr. Oliver Tambo, the President of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania, John Pokela, and a representative of the South West Africa People’s Organisation. The SADCC Acting Executive Secretary, L.M. Mpotokwane, was in attendance.

The meeting was opened with an Address of welcome given by the President of Botswana. Responses were made to the Address of Welcome by the President of Tanzania and by the Prime Minister of Zimbabwe.

 The Heads of State and Government reviewed a Progress Report on the SADCC Programme of Action covering the period July 1983 to June 1984 prepared by the Council of Ministers. They approved the Progress Report and decided that it should be made publicly available.

 The Summit elected Botswana to the Chairmanship of SADCC. Botswana will chair meetings of the Summit and of the Council of Ministers for the next three years.

 The Summit appointed Hon. S.H. Makoni to the post of Executive Secretary.

 In reviewing the year’s activities the Summit expressed its appreciation to the Government of Zambia for hosting the most recent Annual Conference which took place in Lusaka in February 1984. The Conference, which was well attended by representatives of SADCC international co-operating partners, made an important contribution to increasing understanding of support for SADCC programmes from the international community.

The Summit considered the problem of discriminatory funding of SADCC projects and decided to denounce such practices and to appeal to donor Governments and agencies not to use their aid programmes in attempts to divide SADCC Member States and undermine their co-operation.

Venues for the next cycle of SADCC meetings were confirmed:

  • Annual Conference - Swaziland - Jan/Feb. 1985
  • Council of Ministers - Lesotho - May 1985
  • Summit - Angola - July 1985
  • Annual Conference - Zimbabwe - Jan/Feb. 1986
On behalf of his colleagues, the President of Mozambique, Samora Machel, thanked the Government and the people of Botswana for the warm welcome accorded to Heads of State and Government and their delegations during the Summit.

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COMMUNIQUE
TANZANIA - ARUSHA: 9 AUGUST, 1985
The Summit of the Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC) met in Arusha, United Republic of Tanzania on 9th August, 1985 under the Chairmanship of His Excellency Dr. Q.K.J. Masire, President of the Republic of Botswana. The meeting was attended by:

  • H.E. Jose Eduardo dos Santos, President of the People’s Republic of Angola
  • His Majesty King Moshoeshoe II, The kingdom of Lesotho
  • H.E. Marshal Samora Moises Machel, President of the People’s Republic of Mozambique
  • H.E. Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere, President of the United Republic of Tanzania
  • H.E. Dr. Kenneth D. Kaunda, President of the Republic of Zambia
  • The Rt. Hon. Robert Gabriel Mugabe, Prime Minister of the Republic of Zimbabwe
  • Hon. E.C.I. Bwanali, Minister of Finance of the Republic of Malawi
  • Hon. M.M.P. Mnisi, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Swaziland

  The meeting was also attended by representatives of the Southern African Liberation Movements:

  •  Mr Oliver Tambo, President of the African National Congress of South Africa
  • Mr Johnson Mlambo, Chairman of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania
  • Mr Sam Nujoma, President of the South West Africa People’s Organisation of Namibia
 The meeting was opened with an address of welcome by the President of the United Republic of Tanzania. The President of the Republic of Botswana in this capacity as the Chairman of SADCC delivered the opening statement of the Summit. Responses were given by the President of the People’s Republic of Angola and the President of the Republic of Zambia.

The Summit considered and approved the Annual Progress Report on the SADCC Programme of Action covering the period July 1984 - July 1985 and decided that the report should be issued for publication.

The report records the result of five years of co-operation for economic liberation in Southern Africa. The Summit noted with satisfaction the progress achieved in all the sectors of the SADCC Programme of Action and expressed appreciation for the support given by the international community over the period. Of the nearly US$2.3 billion or just over 50% has been secured or under active negotiation.

The Summit received the report of the Council of Ministers on the Nordic/SADCC Initiative which seeks to expand and deepen the cooperative relationships between the two regions in the areas of development assistance, trade, industry, investment, finance and culture.

The Summit welcomed the Initiative and expressed full support for the work now underway to identify concrete programmes of cooperation based on inter-dependence and mutuality of interest between the two regions.

The Summit condemned the violence perpetrated by the racist South Africa regime against the people of South Africa particularly the mounting loss of life and the mass arrests. The violence of apartheid is not only confined to South Africa itself but hangs ominously over the whole of Southern Africa. The apartheid regime continues to arrogantly occupy Namibia and to brutalize her people in complete defiance of international law and opinion. It has intensified its military attacks and acts of destabilization against its neighbors.

A new initiative is urgently called for to end the violence of apartheid, the occupation of Namibia and the acts of destabilization against our states.

The Summit noted with satisfaction the preparations for the next Annual Consultative Conference which will take place in Harare, Zimbabwe from 30th to 31st January, 1986.

The Summit decided that its next meeting will be held in Angola in July 1986.

Recognising that this is the last Summit Conference which Mwalimu Nyerere will attend as President of Tanzania, the Summit paid tribute to him for his important role in the creation and development of SADCC. The Summit recorded with appreciation his great contributions over a quarter of a century to the cause of African liberation and to human dignity and equality in general. The Summit hoped that on relinquishing the

Presidency, Mwalimu Nyerere’s talents and experience would in future be even more readily available for the advancement, in a wider field, of the causes and principles with which he has for many years, identified himself.

The Summit thanked the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania for the warm welcome and hospitality extended to the Heads of State and Government and their delegations during the Summit.

The Summit was closed with Statements from H.E. Marshal Moises Machel, President of the People’s Republic of Mozambique; the Rt. Hon. Robert Gabriel Mugabe, Prime Minister of the Republic of Zimbabwe; and, His Majesty King Moshoeshoe II of the Kingdom of Lesotho.

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COMMUNIQUE

ANGOLA - LUANDA: 22 AUGUST, 1986

The Summit of the Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC) met in Luanda, the People’s Republic of Angola on the 22nd August, 1986 under the Chairmanship of His Excellency Dr. Q.K.J. Masire, President of the Republic of Botswana.

 The meeting was attended by:

  • H.E. Jose Eduardo dos Santos, President of the People’s Republic of Angola
  • H.E. Major General J. Lekhanya, Chairman of the Military Council and the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of Lesotho
  • H.E. Samora Moises Machel, President of the People’s Republic of Mozambique
  • H.E. A.H. Mwinyi, President of the United Republic of Tanzania
  • H.E. Dr. Keneth D. Kaunda, President of the Republic of Zambia
  • Hon. Robert Gabriel Mugabe, Prime Minister of the Republic of Zimbabwe
  • Hon. W.B. Deleza, Minister of Trade, Industry and Tourism, Republic of Malawi
  • Hon. B.S. Dlamini, Minister of Finance of the Kingdom of Swaziland
The meeting was also attended by representatives of the Southern African Liberation Movements:
  • Mr. Oliver Tambo, President of the African National Congress of the South Africa
  • Mr. Sam Nujoma, President of the South West Africa People’s Organisation of Namibia
  • Mr. Johnson Mlambo, Chairman of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania
Also present were:
  • H.E. D.S. Nguesso, President of the People’s Republic of Congo; Chairman of the Organisation of African Unity
  • Mr. I. Oumarou, Secretary General of the Organisation of African Unity
 Prior to the Official Opening of the Summit, the Chairman presented Mwalimu Julius Nyerere, former President of the United Republic of Tanzania, with the Seretse Khama SADCC medal; in recognition of his outstanding contribution to the creation and development of SADCC and to the struggle for economic liberation in Southern Africa. Mwalimu Nyerere is the first person to be so honored by SADCC.

The President of the People’s Republic of Angola delivered and address of welcome. The President of Botswana, in his capacity as Chairman of SADCC, delivered the opening statement to the Summit. Response statements to the address of welcome were given by H.E. A.H. Mwinyi,

 President of Tanzania and by H.E. D.S. Nguesso, President of the People’s Republic of Congo and Chairman of the Organisation of African Unity.

 The Summit considered and approved the Annual Progress Report covering the period of August 1985 - August 1986 and decided that the report should be issued for public information.

 The Summit noted with satisfaction the progress which has been achieved during the period under review in all sectors of the SADCC Programme of Action. The Summit also noted that, as a result both of the return of normal rains in most member States and improvements in agricultural productivity, the food position in the region has improved considerably. The situation in Angola, Botswana and Mozambique, however, remains of concern; since, for Botswana, drought, has persisted and, in Angola and Mozambique, South African supported bandit activity has disrupted food production and distribution. The Summit emphasized the critical importance of developing a coherent and comprehensive regional approach to agricultural production and food security and urged SADCC Ministers responsible for Agriculture to redouble their efforts in this regard.

The Summit noted with approval the decision of the SADCC Council of Ministers to establish in intra SADCC trade promotion Programme.

 Because of the low production base in the region and limited range of regionally trade goods the programme has, as an integral part, the expansion of production in the member States on the basis of complimentary, comparative advantage and the equitable distribution of benefits. The Summit noted that the intra-SADCC trade Programme has following main elements:

 i) system of direct trade measures and bilateral trade agreements such as multi-annual purchase agreements, counter purchase, preferential import licensing, etc.;

 ii) the exchange of trade preferences among member States, which will take into account their existing obligations;

 iii) supplementary financial mechanisms for intra-SADCC trade in order to ease the constraints arising from foreign exchange difficulties. In this regard consideration is being given to the establishment of a Regional Export Credit Facility and national Export Refinancing Revolving Funds in those member States where they are needed;

 iv) a trade promotion programme.

 The Summit also noted that, given the sector’s strong linkages with industry, a new sector in the Programme of Action of Industry and Trade has been created under the overall coordination of the United Republic of Tanzania.

 The Summit also noted with satisfaction that SADCC’s cooperation with the international community has continued to deepen and strengthen. The Summit noted in particular that two landmark agreements were signed in January 1986, viz:-

  •  the Joint Declaration on Expanded Economic and Cultural Cooperation between the Nordic Countries and the SADCC member States, providing for expanded cooperation between the two regions with the promotion of production, investment and trade as the main focus;
  • the Memorandum of Understanding for the Programming of Regional Cooperation Funds under the Third Lome Convention for the ACP States of Southern Africa, providing for the joint programming of regional resources with food security and transport and communications as the concentration sectors and manpower development as a support sector.
 The Summit urged all parties to these agreements to strive diligently to ensure that the potential which they represent for accelerated regional development in Southern Africa, and for improved international relations more generally, is fully realised.

The Summit reviewed the current political and security situation in the region: and, in particular, the effects of the intensifying popular opposition to Apartheid in South Africa and the South African regime’s reaction to it;

 and the mounting international campaign for sanctions against South Africa. The Summit condemned the South African regime’s continued acts of aggression against, destabilisation of SADCC member States, especially the blockade of Lesotho in January 1986 and the attacks on Gaborone, Harare, Lusaka and Namibe in May 1986 and the current disruption of Zambian and Zimbabwean traffic.

 The Summit reiterated the position of the SADCC member States on the question of sanctions as follows:

  •  although individual SADCC member States may not themselves be in a position to impose sanctions, SADC member States; vulnerability should not be used as an excuse by others for not imposing sanctions;
  • SADCC member States will do noting to undermine the effectiveness of sanctions imposed on South Africa by the International Community;
  • SADCC member States will cooperate closely with each other to lessen the adverse impact of sanctions on their own economies, and in this respect, will expect the international community to render them maximum assistance.
  The Summit urged the International Community to expedite the release of resources for the implementation of projects in the SADCC Programme of Action in order to speed up the reduction of the dependence of SADCC member States on South Africa, especially in the critical field of Transport and Communications. The Summit also commended the efforts being made by the international community aimed at accelerating the dismantling of apartheid.

 The Summit noted with satisfaction the preparations for the next Annual Consultative Conference which will take place in Gaborone in February 1987, with the theme of SADCC: Investment in Production in the spirit of the implementation of the Lusaka Programme of Action.

 The Summit decided that its next meeting would take place in Lusaka, Republic of Zambia, in August 1987.

 The Summit thanked the Government of the People’s Republic of Angola for the fraternal welcome and hospitality accorded to the Heads of State and Government and their delegations during the Summit.

The Summit closed with a statement from H.E. K.D. Kaunda, President of the Republic of Zambia and H.E. Major General Lekhanya, Chairman of the Military Council and the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of Lesotho; followed by a concluding remark by the Chairman

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COMMUNIQUE

 ZAMBIA - LUSAKA: 24 JULY, 1987

  The Summit of the Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC) net in Lusaka, the Republic of Zambia on July 24th, 1987 under the Chairmanship of His Excellency Dr. Q.K.J. Masire, President of the Republic of Botswana.

 The meeting was attended by:

  •  H.E. Jose Eduardo dos Santos, President of the People’s Republic of Angola
  • Hon. Major General J. Lekhanya, Chairman of the Military Council and the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of Lesotho
  • H.E. Joaquim A. Chissano, President of the People’s Republic of Mozambique
  • H.E. Ali Hassan Mwinyi, President of the United Republic of Tanzania
  • H.E. Dr. Kenneth Kaunda, President of the Republic of Zambia
  • Hon. Robert Gabriel Mugabe, Prime Minister of the Republic of Zimbabwe
  • Hon. Michael U.K. Mlambala, Minister of Trade, Industry and Tourism, Republic of Malawi
  • Hon. Barnabas Dlamini, Minister of Finance, Kingdom of Swaziland
 The meeting was also attended by the leaders of the Southern African Liberation Movements:

  • Mr. Oliver Tambo, President of the African National Congress of South Africa
  • Mr. Johnson Mlambo, Chairman of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania
  • Mr. Sam Nujoma, President of the South West Africa People’s Organisation of Namibia
 Prior to the opening of the Summit, the Chairman mat a posthumous presentation of the Seretse Khama SADCC Medal to the late Samora Moises Machel, President of Mozambique; in recognition of his outstanding contribution to the creation and development of SADCC, and to the struggle for economic liberation in Southern Africa. The Medal was received by H.E. Joaquim Chissano, President of the People’s Republic of Mozambique, on behalf of the family of Samora Machel, and the people and Government of Mozambique. During the ceremony, Hon. Robert Gabriel Mugabe, Prime Minister of the Republic of Zimbabwe, delivered a tribute to the late President, on behalf of the Summit.

The President of the Republic of Zambia delivered an address of welcome, and the President of Botswana, in his capacity as Chairman of SADCC, delivered the opening statement to the Summit. H.E. Jose Eduardo dos Santos, President of the People’s Republic of Angola, and Hon. Major General J. Lekhanya, Chairman of the Military Council and the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of Lesotho delivered statements of response.

The Summit considered and approved the Annual Progress Report covering the period of August 1986 - July 1987 and decided that the report should be issued for public information. The Summit noted that the total resources required for the implementation of the SADCC Programme of Action, which now spans twelve economic sectors, is in excess of U$2.5 billion has been secured - from local resources and from the international community, or is under negotiation with SADCC’s cooperating partners.

The Summit noted that the Progress Report shows the growing maturity of SADCC as an Organisation. 1986/7 saw significant progress in the development and elaboration of SADCC policy, particularly in the areas of investment and production, and in the sectors of food, agriculture and natural resources. Further progress was also achieved in the articulation of sectoral strategies, particularly programmes and projects across the whole spectrum of the regional programme.

 The Summit also noted, with great concern, the impact of the region’s crippling debt burden on the economies of member States; and the likely effect which this will have on the implementation of the SADCC

 Programme of Action. The Summit called upon the international community, and particularly creditor countries and institutions, to take all appropriate measures to lighten this burden.

In the priority sector of Transport and Communications, progress is being made in all of the region’s main Port Transport Systems. In Beira, the first phase of the rehabilitation of Beira-Machipanda Railway has been completed. In Dar-es-Salaam, work is in progress in the Port and on the second phase of the TAZARA rehabilitation; in Nacala, work on the container terminal and on the second phase of the railway rehabilitation are progressing on schedule. In Maputo, the rehabilitation of Limpopo railway has commenced. With regard to Lobito, discussions are underway on the reopening and rehabilitation of the Benguela Railway and a ten year development plan for Lobito Corridor is being prepared.

furthermore, during the year, the Organisation’s institutional capacities were significantly strengthened and the effectiveness of the Sector Coordinating Units, and the Secretariat, enhanced.

 The spectre of drought is once again haunting the region, and undermining the efforts of member States to achieve food self-sufficiency.

 The Summit appealed for assistance for all member States which are experiencing food deficits. A special appeal was also made to SADCC’s main cooperating partners to support the proposed Regional Food Reserve, which will provide a mechanism for meeting such crises, especially from local production.

 The Summit noted that the 1987 Annual Consultative Conference, which took place in Gaborone in February, and focused attention on Investment in Production, brought together a large number of cooperating partners which SADCC member States, to discuss strategies for stimulating productive enterprise in the region. The Summit noted, specially that the seminar of businessmen, which proceeded the Conference was attended by business representatives from within and outside the region. The recommendations of the seminar are being reviewed by member States and will be discussed carefully at the regional level.

 The Summit received a report on the appalling massacre by South African-backed bandits of almost four hundred Mozambicans, at Homoine, on Saturday July 18th, 1987. The Summit also remembered a similar massacre of civilians at Rushinga, Zimbabwe, in June, 1987. The Summit condemned these atrocities and expressed condolences to families of the victims.

The Summit reviewed the situation in the region and noted the continuation and intensification of South Africa’s acts of aggression and destabilisation against member States. The Summit noted especially the new pattern of assassinations and abductions of innocent civilians by South African agents.

The Summit called upon the international community to take concerted action to stop South African aggression; towards the dismantling of Apartheid; and independence for Namibia.

The Summit noted the recent legislation passed in the Congress of the United States of America to provide assistance to SADCC. While recognising that the proposed US programme of economic support can be of considerable benefit to the region as a whole, the Summit:

  • registered its strong objection to the specific exclusion of Angola and Mozambique from these programmes, and reaffirmed its opposition to actions which violate the integrity of SADCC;
  • expressed its displeasure at the attempt to associate SADCC Member States with terrorism.
 The Summit elected Botswana as its Chairman for the next three years.

 The Summit also appointed Dr. S.H.S. Makoni as Executive Secretary for a second three year term.

 The Summit note with satisfaction the preparations for the next Annual Consultative Conference, which will take place in Arusha in February 1988, with the theme of SADCC: Development of Infrastructure and Enterprise.

 The Summit decided that its next meeting will be held in Maputo, People’s Republic of Mozambique, in July 1988.

 The Summit thanked the Government of the Republic of Zambia for the fraternal welcome and hospitality accorded to the Heads of State and Government and their delegations.

The Summit was closed with statements from H.E. Joaquim Chissano,

 President of the People’s Republic of Mozambique and H.E. Ali Hassan Mwinyi, President of the United Republic of Tanzania; and the Chairman.

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COMMUNIQUE
MOZAMBIQUE - MAPUTO: 15 JULY, 1988
The Summit of the Southern African Development Coordination Conference met in Maputo, the Republic of Mozambique on 15 July, 1988 under the Chairmanship of His Excellency Dr. Quett Ketumile Joni Masire,
Pesident of the Republic of Botswana.
The meeting was attended by:
  • H.E. Joaquim A. Chissano, President of the People’s Republic of Mozambique
  • H.E. Ali Hassan Mwinyi, President of the United Republic of Tanzania
  • H.E. Dr. Kenneth David Kaunda, President of the Republic of Zambia
  • H.E. Robert Gabriel Mugabe, President of the Republic of Zimbabwe
  • Hon. Sotsha Dhlamini, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Swaziland
  • Hon. Pascoal Luvualu, Member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the MPLA, Workers Party and National Secretary of the National Union of Angolan Workers
  • Colonel Phisoana Ramaema, Member of the Military Council of the Kingdom of Lesotho
  • Hon. Edward C.I. Bwanali, Minister of Health Republic of Malawi
 The Summit was also attended by the leaders of the Southern African Liberation movements:

  •  Mr. Oliver Tambo, President of the African National Congress of South Africa
  • Mr. Johnson Mlambo, Chairman of the Pan-African Congress of Azania.

 The President of the People’s Republic of Mozambique delivered an address of welcome, and the President of Botswana, in his capacity as Chairman of Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC) delivered an opening statement to the Summit reviewing the activities of the Organisation and the political situation in the region. H.E. Robert Gabriel Mugabe, President of the Republic of  Zimbabwe responded.

The Summit considered and approved the SADCC Annual Progress Report covering the period August 1987 to July 1988 and decided that the report should be issued for public information.

The Summit noted with satisfaction the overall improvement in the economic performance of most member States, and expressed the hope that this upturn will be sustained. In this regard the Summit welcomed the  initiatives of the group of seven industrialised countries at their meeting held in Toronto, Canada in June 1988, regarding debt relief for the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa.

Furthermore the Summit noted the progress achieved in articulating programmes to overcome the constraints to enterprise investment in the region, particularly the on-going dialogue with the business community with a view to improving the region’s investment climate.

As part of the overall effort to promote investment in production, the Summit agreed to cooperate in trade in the context of SADCC, and on the basis of the programme elements already approved by the SADCC

Council of Ministers at Maputo in June 1986. Tanzania will coordinate the expanded sector of Industry and Trade. In arriving at this decision the Summit was conscious of the need to avoid conflict and duplication, and to minimise overlap with the activities of other organisations in the region, especially the Preferential Trade Area.

With regard to the implementation of the SADCC Programme of Action, The Summit noted with appreciation progress achieved in the priority sector of Transport and Communications which has led to increased utilisation of regional routes through Beira and Dar-es-Salaam. Further the Summit welcomed the progress in arrangements to fully rehabilitate the Maputo transport system, and also expressed the hope that arrangements for the rehabilitation of the Lobito Corridor in Angola can proceed without delay.

The Summit also noted the improvement in the food situation in the region following favorable weather conditions. However, the Summit regretted the continued serious food shortages in Angola and Mozambique, caused mainly by South Africa’s aggression and destabilisation activities, which have disrupted rural life and displaced millions of people in these two member States.

The meeting noted with gratitude the increasing level of support for SADCC by the international community, as evidenced by the high-level of representation, and the amount of financial pledges made at the 1988 SADCC Annual Consultative Conference, held in Arusha, Tanzania last January.

 The Summit again observed with utmost concern the continued escalation of violence in the region, caused by South Africa’s aggression and destabilisation activities in a vain attempt to defend apartheid. Further the Summit regretted the loss of life and property, on both sides, and the displacement of millions of people as a direct consequence of the actions of the South African government. The Summit urged the South African government to accept that apartheid, or any other scheme for the artificial separation of the races in Southern Africa was doomed to failure, and to enter into meaningful negotiations with the genuine leaders of the black majority in South Africa.

 The Summit noted the appreciable progress made in the negotiations for the withdrawal of South African troops from Angola and to bring independence to Namibia. The Summit further expressed the hope that this development will usher in a more conducive climate for the necessary changes in South African Government to end apartheid which is the principal cause of conflict in the region.

The Summit decided that its next meeting would be held in Harare, Republic of Zimbabwe, in July, 1989.

The Summit thanked the Government of the People’s Republic of Mozambique for the fraternal welcome and hospitality accorded to the Heads of State and Government and their delegations.

The Summit was closed with a statement by the Chairman. H.E. Ali Hassan Mwinyi, President of the United Republic of Tanzania and H.E. Kenneth David Kaunda, President of the Republic of Zambia also spoke in thclosing session.

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COMMUNIQUE

 ZIMBABWE - HARARE: 25 AUGUST, 1989

 The Summit of the Southern African Coordination Conference met in Harare, Republic of Zimbabwe, on 25 August, 1989 under the Chairmanship of His Excellency Ali Hassan Mwinyi, President of the United Republic of Tanzania.

Delegations of Member States were led by the following:
  •  Tanzania : H.E. Ali Hassan Mwinyi, President
  • Mozambique : H.E. Joaquim A. Chissano, President
  • Zambia : H.E. Dr. Kenneth David Kaunda, President
  • Zimbabwe : H.E. Robert Gabriel Mugabe, President
  • Swaziland : H.E. The Right Hon. Obeb M. Dlamini, Prime Minister
  • Angola : Hon. Z. Kassayombo, Minister of Energy and Petroleum
  • Botswana : Hon. A.M. Mogwe, Minster of Mineral Resources and Water Affairs
  • Lesotho : Col. E.P. Ramaema, Member of the Military Council
  • Malawi : Hon. Dalton Katopola, Minister of Transport and Communications
The Summit was also attended by the leaders of the Southern African Liberation Movements:
  • Mr Thabo Mbeki, Secretary for External Affairs of the African National Congress of South Africa
  • Mr Johnson Mlambo, Chairman of the Pan African Congress of Azania
  • Mr Toivo Ja Toivo, Secretary General of the South West Africa People’s Organisation (SWAPO) of Namibia.
 The President of the Republic of Zimbabwe delivered an address of welcome, and the President of the United Republic of Tanzania, in his capacity as Chairman of the meeting, made a statement reviewing the activities of the Organisation, and the economic and political situation in the region. Responses were given by H.E. Dr. Kenneth Kaunda, President of the Republic of Zambia, Mr. Toivo Ja Toivo, Secretary General of the South West Africa People’s Organisation (SWAPO) of Namibia.

The Summit considered and approved the SADCC Annual Progress Report, covering the period August 1988 to July 1989, and decided that the Report should be released for public information.

The Summit noted, with satisfaction, the improvement in the performance of the economies of member States. The region recorded an average GDP growth rate of about 4.5%, representing both a real increase in per capita income, and a reversal of over ten years of economic decline. This good performance is the result of the economic adjustment measures that most member States have taken; the up-turn in commodity prices, especially minerals; and increased agricultural production, resulting from favorable weather conditions, and policy and price incentives for the sector.

The Summit also noted, with appreciation, progress made in the implementation of the SADCC Programme of Action, in particular:

  •  the adoption of a regional industrialisation strategy, providing for the full involvement of the enterprise sector.
  • the restructured Food Reserve Project, whose objectives include reinforcement of member States’ efforts towards increased Production, and establishment of appropriate storage mechanisms and institutions, as well as the promotion of intra-regional trade in foodstuffs.

 The Summit instructed the Council of Ministers to formalise SADCC, and give it an appropriate legal status, taking into account the need to replace the SADCC Memorandum of Understanding with an Agreement, Charter or Treaty, to be prepared in readiness for signature during the 1990 Summit.

 However, the Summit observed that, due too the constraints of motive power, rolling stock, and the poor state of some lines, there had been no significant improvement in traffic flows over the regional railway systems, during the year under review.

The Summit noted that the 1989 Annual Consultative Conference, held in Luanda, People’s Republic of Angola, and proceeded by a Technical Coordination Conference on the Lobito Transport System, was successful.

The Summit expressed appreciation to the cooperating partners for their continued support for SADCC, and hopped that this would be maintained and increased, as SADCC enters its second decade.

The Summit welcomed the initiatives of the governments of Angola and Mozambique to bring peace to these member States, and agreed that it will be necessary, following the restoration of peace there, to rehabilitate

their economies, and particularly to resettle displaced persons. The Summit therefore, urged the international community to assist in this process.

The Summit also recognized that the impending independence of Namibia will bring both challenges and opportunities to SADCC.

While the Summit welcomed the implementation of Resolution 435, it also expressed disquiet at the efforts of the South African government to undermine the good conduct of fair and free elections in Namibia. The Summit, therefore, called upon the United Nations Security Council, and the international community as a whole, to take measures to ensure that the right of Namibians to self-determination is not undermined in any way.

 The Summit strongly condemned the continuing oppression and exploitation of the black majority of South Africans, and called upon the South African government to release the authentic political leaders of the majority of the people, and to urban their organisations. The Summit also urged the South African government to engage in genuine negotiations to bring apartheid to an end, and agree on a political dispensation acceptable to all. The Summit condemned current efforts by the white minority regime to hoodwink international public opinion by declarations on the need for change, with to substance; whilst apartheid structures remain in force.

 On the other hand, the Summit was encouraged by the initiatives taken by different groups of the white population to establish contacts, and engage in consultations with the liberation movement, on the future of South Africa.

The Summit, called upon the international community to increase pressure on, including sanctions against South Africa to encourage meaningful measures to end artheid, and begin negotiations without pre-conditions.

The Summit noted with satisfaction, the progress made in the arrangements for commemorating the SADCC Tenth Anniversary.

The Summit decided that it will hold a meeting in Lusaka on 1st April, 1990 to commemorate the Tenth Anniversary of SADCC. Its regular meeting will be held in Gaborone in August 1990, and will culminate in
other activities to celebrate the 10th Anniversary of the Organisation.

The Summit wished the Chairman of SADCC, H.E. Dr. Q.K.J. Masire, a  speedy recovery.

The Summit thanked H.E. President Mugabe, the government and people of the Republic of Zimbabwe, for the cordial and brotherly welcome and hospitality accorded to the Heads of State or Government and their
delegations.

H.E. Joaquim A. Chissano, President of the People’s Republic of Mozambique; Hon. O.M. Dlamini, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Swaziland, and Mr Thabo Mbeki, Secretary for External Affairs of the African National Congress of South Africa (ANC), gave statements in the closing session. The Summit was closed by the Chairman, H.E. Ali Hassan Mwinyi.

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 COMMUNIQUE
BOTSWANA - GABORONE: 26 AUGUST, 1990

The Summit of the Southern African Coordination Conference (SADCC) met in Gaborone, Republic of Botswana, on 24 August, 1990 under the Chairmanship of His Excellency Dr. Q.K.J. Masire, President of the Republic of Botswana.

Delegations were led by the following:
• Mozambique : H.E. Joaquim A. Chissano, President
• Namibia : H.E. Sam Nujoma, President
• Swaziland : His Majesty King Mswati III
• Tanzania : H.E. Ali Hassan Mwinyi, President
• Zambia : H.E. Dr. Kenneth D. Kaunda, President
• Lesotho : H.E. Major General Justin M. Lekhanya, Chairman of the Military Council
• Angola : Hon. Pedro de Castro Van Dunen (Loy), Minister of Foreign Affairs
• Botswana : Hon. Festus Mogae, Minister of Finance and Development Planning
• Malawi : Hon. R.W. Chirwa, Minister of Trade, Industry and Tourism

The Summit was also attended by Mr. Z. Mothopeng, President of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC), and Mr A. Nzo, Secretary General of the African National Congress of South Africa (ANC).

His Excellency Dr. Q.K.J. Masire, the President of the Republic of Botswana and Chairman of SADCC delivered a keynote address at the plenary session of the Summit and officially opened the Secretariat building, SADCC House.

The Summit reviewed the regional situation and in particular noted that Namibia had become the tenth member of SADCC, after more than seventy years of South African occupation.

The Summit received an up-date from the representatives of the South African Liberation Movements on the situation in that country. The Summit welcomed talks between the African National Congress and the South African Government, on the way to end apartheid and to introduce a system of government acceptable to all South Africans. The Summit, however, regretted the continued violence and bloodshed in the black townships, and called upon all parties to do everything possible to bring the situation under control.

The Summit welcomed steps being taken by the Governments of Angola and Mozambique to negotiate a peaceful solution to the conflicts in their countries. The Summit also expressed appreciation at the easing of tensions in the region and encouraging prospects for a democratic South Africa which would enhance the efforts for cooperation among the countries of the region including South Africa. However, structures are still in place and right-wing terrorism is on the increase. It was, therefore, necessary that the international pressure on South Africa be maintained until there is agreement among South Africans on a just political dispensation.

In reviewing the economic situation in the region, the Summit noted, with appreciation, the continuing improvement in the economic performance of most member States following the introduction of structural adjustment measures and policy reforms. However, a number of member States were still struggling under a heavy debt burden and will require continuing assistance to consolidate and improve on the gains made so far. The economic adjustment process had also caused grave social problems and the deterioration of socio-economic infrastructure.

While the Summit recognised that the primary responsibility for improving those conditions rested with the member States themselves, the Summit called on the international community to give maximum assistance they can, to ameliorate these difficulties to ensure that the adjustment process will stay on course.

The Summit noted with appreciation the overall surplus in food production in the region and emphasised the need to establish an effective machinery for intra-regional trade in food to ensure the expansion of production and lessen dependence on food aid from outside the region.

The Summit also noted, with appreciation, progress made in the implementation of the SADCC Programme of Action, and urged member States to commit themselves to mobilisation of regional resources in the implementation of the Programme of Action.

The Summit considered and approved the SADCC Annual Progress Report, covering the period of July 1989 to August 1990, and decided that the Report should be released for public information.

The Summit received a report on the on-going consultations regarding the formalisation of SADCC and looked forward to receiving recommendations on this matter at the next meeting.

In the light of the grave circumstances of children in Southern Africa arising out of destabilisation, the Summit expressed support to the United Nations for convening, in New York in September 1990, the World Conference on children, and requested President Robert G. Mugabe and Sam Nujoma to speak on behalf of the region.
 The Summit re-elected His Excellency Dr. Q.K.J. Masire as Chairman of SADCC for a term of three years.
 The Summit also re-appointed Dr. S.H.S. Makoni as Executive Secretary for a term of three years.
The Summit expressed satisfaction and appreciation for the elaborate arrangements regarding activities marking the celebration and commemoration of the 10th Anniversary of the Organisation taking place at this time.
The Summit thanked H.E. President Masire, the Government and people of the Republic of Botswana, for the cordial and brotherly welcome and hospitality accorded to the Heads of State and Government and their delegations.
The Summit accepted the invitation of H.E. President Mwinyi to hold the next meeting in Tanzania.

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COMMUNIQUE
TANZANIA - ARUSHA: 26 AUGUST, 1991

The Summit of the Southern African Development Coordination Conference met in Arusha, The United Republic of Tanzania, on 26th August, 1991 under the Chairmanship of His Excellency Q.K.J. Masire, President of the Republic of Botswana.

Delegations of Member States were led by the following:
Mozambique : H.E. J.A. Chissano, President
Namibia : H.E. S.Nujoma, President
Tanzania : H.E. A.H. Mwinyi, President
Zambia : H.E. K.D. Kaunda, President
Zimbabwe : H.E. R.G. Mugabe, President
Lesotho: H.E. Major General E.P. Ramaema, Chairman of the Military Council and Council of Ministers
Angola : The Rt. Hon. F. van Dunen, Prime Minister
Swaziland : The Rt. Hon. O.M. Dlamini, Prime Minister
Botswana : A.M. Mogwe, Minister of Mineral Resources and Water Affairs
Malawi : Hon. L. Chimango, Minister of Finance
PAC : Mr. J. Mlambo, First Deputy President
ANC : Mr. A. Nzo, Member of National Executive Committee

The President of the United Republic of Tanzania, H.E. A.H. Mwinyi, delivered an address of welcome, and the President of the Republic of Botswana, H.E. Q.K.J. Masire, in his capacity as Chairman, made a statement reviewing the activities of the Organisation, and the economic and political situation in the region. Responses were given by the President of the Republic of Zimbabwe, H.E. R.G. Mugabe; and the First Deputy President of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC), Mr. J. Mlambo on behalf of the South African Liberation Movements.

The Summit reviewed recent developments and noted that the region was undergoing fundamental economic, political and social changes which will have a major impact on its future. The Summit welcomed the initial steps toward the abolition of apartheid in South Africa as evidenced by the unbarring of the Liberation Movements and repeal of racist laws. The Summit, however, observed that, notwithstanding these encouraging changes, apartheid was still firmly in place in the social, economic and political fabric of South African life. The Summit particularly regretted the continuing cycle of violence in South Africa and called on the South African regime to take decisive action to end the conflict.

The Summit, therefore, urged the international community to maintain existing sanctions on the South African Government to ensure that the process of change and negotiations leads to the establishment of a nonracist and democratic South Africa. In this regard, the Summit strongly urged all countries, particularly African countries, to refrain from increasing contact with South African countries, until a new political dispensation acceptable to be majority of South Africans is in place.

The Summit urged the Liberation Movements to coordinate their strategies, and commit themselves fully to realizing a common front of all anti-apartheid forces in South Africa. The Summit, therefore, noted with appreciation the efforts by the black leadership in South Africa to establish a Patriotic Front against apartheid.

The Summit noted with appreciation the economic, political and social changes that are taking place within member States aimed at popular participation in national affairs and enhancement of economic performance. In particular, the Summit welcomed the end of the war in Angola and the involving peace process in Mozambique. In this context, the Summit expressed support for the untiring efforts of the Government of Mozambique to find a negotiated solution to the war in the country.

The Summit commended the Government of Mozambique for its positive, flexible and constructive stand on the peace talks in Rome and urged Renamo to the same. The Summit also strongly appealed to Renamo to take the peace talks seriously and stop using delaying tactics. The Summit further appealed to all countries to act in a manner supportive of the peace process in Angola and Mozambqiue.

The Summit called member States and the international community as a whole to help Angola and Mozambique to prepare the groundwork for a major international emergency assistance towards the reconstruction of the economies of these member States, as well as assisting efforts for the repatriation and resettlement of refugees and displaced persons.

The Summit also welcomed efforts by the United Nations Systems and South African Liberation Movements to repatriate South Africans exiles; and appealed to SADCC member States and the international community to provide material assistance to facilitate these efforts, as well as provide the returning exiles with the necessary means for survival.

The Summit concluded that all these developments require a concerted response by SADCC member States, to assert the leadership of the region and to create a framework for future relations in Southern Africa.

The Summit, therefore, directed Council to undertake the necessary work to identify options and strategies for regional cooperation in a post apartheid era. Towards this end, the Summit decided to establish a Joint Planning Committee, comprising representatives of SADCC member States and the Liberation Movements to direct this work.

The Summit noted with regret that the status of Walvis Bay and the offshore islands, as integral parts of Namibia, still remains unresolved.

The Summit reaffirmed SADCC’s support to the Government of Namibia, and called on the international community to assist Namibia regain sovereignty over Walvis Bay.

The Summit noted the proposed theme for the 1992 SADCC Annual Consultative Conference, SADCC Towards Economic Integration, and in particular agreed that the Conference Theme will provide the basis for the creation of a common vision of the future of the region and establish a framework for collective action.

The Summit noted with satisfaction, that despite the unfavorable international economic environment, most SADCC member States recorded positive growth rates during 1990/91, maintaining the trend of the last three years. The Summit urged the international community to continue its economic support to member states to ensure that this improved performance is maintained and deepened and to minimise the social cost of structural adjustment measures undertaken by most member States.

The Summit noted with satisfaction the progress made in the implementation of the SADCC Programme of Action. However, the Summit noted with concern that the region faced a food deficit estimated at 2.8 million tonnes for 1991/92. The Summit directed SADCC Ministers of Agriculture to take appropriate measures to improve the region’s long-term food supply situation. The Summit also called on the international community to provide assistance, particularly to Angola and Mozambique, where food shortages were expected to be most critical.

The Summit considered and approved the SADCC Annual Report, covering the period July 1990 to June 1991, and decided that the Report should be released for public information.

The Summit received and noted a Report from Council on the Formalisation of SADCC. The Summit directed Council to complete this work in time for the next Summit scheduled for August 1992.

The Summit accepted the invitation of the Government of Namibia to host its 1992 meeting in Windhoek.

H.E. J.A. Chissano, President of the People’s Republic of Mozambique; Rt. Hon. O.M. Dlamini, Prime Minister of Swaziland delivered statements in the closing session. The Summit was closed by the Chairman, H.E. Q.K. J. Masire.

The Summit thanked H.E. President Mwinyi, the Government and people of the United Republic of Tanzania, for the cordial and brotherly welcome and hospitality accorded to the Heads of State and Governments, and their delegations.